The word of “technology” that originated from Latin, “texere”, always been limited to machine usage. However, it more than that.
C. L. Bush (1981) and Terry Flew (2004) associates the definition of technology with physical object, context, and knowledge system. According to Bush (1991):
Technology is a form of human cultural activity that applies the principles of science and mechanics to the solution of problems. It includes the resources, tools, processes, personnel, and systems developed to perform tasks and create immediate particular, and personal and/or competitive advantages in a given ecological, economic, and social context.
The definition stresses that technology offers it advantages only with respect to a cultural situation. However, Terry Flew (2004) defines technology by three levels as following:
- Technologies are the tools and artefacts used by human to transform nature, enable social interaction or external human capacities.
- Technologies refer to their context of use, as well as the psychical form themselves.
- Technologies are a system of knowledge and social meaning that accompany their development and use.
Actually, technology also interweaves with culture in its development, use, and broader consequences. But, its does not have direct impact to culture, it just act as intermediary.